As the national focal point, the Department of Climate Change, General Secretariat of the National Council for Sustainable Development is the core agency responsible for climate change activities in Cambodia. At Regional Level, Cambodia participates in a number of regional information sharing platforms and forums, such as WGIA, Asia Adaptation Platform, ASEAN Working Group on Climate Change (AWGCC). In October 2011, Cambodia hosted the WGIA in Phnom Penh to share capacity building for measurability, reportability and verifiability.
At national level, DCC as the technical national focal point plays an important role as the coordinating body for climate change activities, including information and networking. The Climate Change website (www.camclimate.org.kh) was established and hosted by DCC to disseminate information. There is no network related to research activities in Cambodia, however, notable improvements in networking have been observed recently among members of the climate change technical team of the NCSD.
Roles and Responsibilities
Stated in the sub-decree of the GSSD establishment No. 59, dated 18 May 2015, DCC is responsible for the following duties:
- Develop draft legal instruments, policy, strategic plans, action plans and budget, promote collaboration with relevant stakeholders, build staff capacity of the department, manage finance, conduct internal monitoring, and manage administration relevant to the roles and duties of the department;
- Coordinate and implement legal instruments, policy, strategic plans, action plans, programmes and projects to mitigate greenhouse gases (GHGs) and adapt to climate change as well as conduct monitoring and evaluation, and reporting regularly;
- Coordinate the development and management of GHGs inventories, national reports, and deliver government commitments under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC);
- Coordinate to provide technical support in GHG inventory by sources;
- Coordinate assessment of climate change vulnerability and opportunity;
- Strengthen partnership and international cooperation to mobilise resource to respond to climate change;
- Propose fund development and management to support implementation of policy to respond to climate change;
- Design, develop and manage climate change information and knowledge management system;
- Disseminate government response to climate change to the public, development partners and international community;
- Perform duty as national focal point for international conventions, protocols, and agreements related to climate change;
- Coordinate with climate change focal point persons in relevant ministries and agencies;
- Develop monthly, quarterly, semi-annual, nine-monthly and annual reports of the department and the Secretariat; and
- Perform other tasks as assigned by NCSD’s Secretary General.
Programs and Projects
Under its mandate, DCC is currently coordinating 3 main programmes
- Cambodia Climate Change Alliance (CCCA), is a multi-donor initiative funded by EU, UNDP, SIDA and DANIDA with a budget of US$ 11 million in Phase 1 (2010-14) to strengthen national system and capacity to support the coordination of and implementation of Cambodia’s climate change response. Phase 2 is resuming its objective, 2014-19, with the amount of US$ 12.4 million funded by EU, UNDP and SIDA.
- Strategic Programme for Climate Resilience (SPCR), which has been implemented in two phases. Phase I supported the country to assess and develop a SPCR. Phase II (Sep 2013 – Aug 2018) will implement SPCR’s 7 investment projects focusing on 3 priority areas i.e. agriculture, water resources and infrastructure. The programne has been implemented in collaboration with the Ministry of Economy and Finance as well as several line ministries.
- South East Asia Network on Climate Change (SEAN-CC) is funded by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) to increase awareness of the local government officials on climate change and develop guidelines to mainstream climate change at the sub-national level.